Aims: To compare different vortrap designs and pump speeds and compare yields of precipitate. Conduct an analysis of final product, and a cleaned product with milk of magnesia and calcium removed, and a seawater extract obtained by evaporation. To create a supply for testing the products in bioponics and mushroom growing applications.
Why it’s important: This work is important because the minerals contained in the sea are a hugely valuable resource and key to a healthy population and a healthy biosphere.
How it works: The sea is a huge reservoir of all the minerals that are essential to many plants and animals. Because the essential biochemical processes common to all life and the genetics which run them evolved to deal with marine conditions, seawater contains the mineral requirements of all terrestrial ecosystems as well! Modern agriculture largely ignores these important trace minerals leading to their depletion in most commercially farmed land and as a result most conventionally produced produce is significantly lower in nutritional value compared to the years before this extractive form of agriculture caused the depletion of soils. Re-mineralization of land with sea-mineral concentrates and extracts can restore more than 50 trace minerals to the soil, and tackle nutritional deficiencies such as of phosphorous, selenium and iodine. The extracts can also be added to mushroom substrates or hydroponics systems or used as an animal or fish feed supplement or even for direct human consumption. The magnet-enhanced Morgan Vortrap design vortexes and magnetises out the mineral precipitate from sea water from the deep-cold Pacific thermohaline circulation on the south coast of Peru, which is the very pure uncontaminated and mineral-nutrient rich deepwater current which created the anchovy industry there. Minerals are extracted purportedly in monoatomic form, while the chloride bearing salty fraction is expelled from the end of the vortrap. The precipitate has a sweet mineral taste and is also extremely transformative to human health if ingested, as well as animal health in endangered species captive breeding programmes, wild reintroduction programmes, as well as all varieties of animal husbandry. The extract will enhance desert terraforming.
Brief Outline of Process: Different vortrap configurations are tested with different pump speeds, and yields of precipitate are compared. Some precipitate is washed with milk of magnesia for testing in that form. A sea mineral concentrate is also obtained through evaporation for comparison. The samples are sent to a lab for analysis. Related experimental projects are conducted by us with the sea minerals in the production of biological organic liquid fertiliser, bioponics fertiliser experiments, Cordyceps militaris production (a strength, stamina and immune system-enhancing fungus), as well as in growth media for edible and medicinal mushrooms and spirulina.
Equipment/parts Needed: pump, tubes, vortrap variations, magnets, NaOH, big buckets, separator, pH meter good one, laboratory mineral analysis costs
Time: 25 hours construction and testing, 25 hours writing the manual/documenting the complete process
Experiments: Experiments in the size and proportions of the vortrap and different pump speeds. Experiments adding magnets to vortrap. Experiments using (1) NaOH and (2) evaporation of concentrate to obtain an extract.
Analysis: Analysis of the precipitate and the precipitate after it has been chemically cleaned of milk of magnesia (magnesium hydroxide); this magnesia can be reclaimed for postextractivist magnesium metal.
These minerals are usable by producers of all foods, permaculturalists, horticulturalists, mushroom growers, malnourished people, coastal communities (new economic production alternatives), desert and agrodesert areas.
The project will take place in coastal south Peru where there is a mineral rich deep ocean upwelling, then later in other parts of South America such as British South Georgia where the glacial melt fills the surrounding ocean, or the meltwater can be processed alone (differing mineral spectra). The idea behind the Elemental Electrical suite of ecological solutions to the industrial and agricultural dilemma of the 21st century is that the projects will run indefinitely and spread throughout the world in an autonomous grassroots fashion, and that the carbon sink aspects of the biological projects will be accounted and incorporated into full historical carbon accounting offsets of industrial participants of “Pay to Purify” cleantech conversions.
Future Sites: Siberia for Australasian/Asian/Russian markets, Iceland/Greenland/Canada for North American and European/North African markets, South Sandwich Islands for Southamerican/Southafrican markets. Anywhere glacial yields superior grade ocean minerals as surrounding sea full of glacial rock minerals, much of which in superior monoatomic form due to the torsional dynamics of ice crystals.
Some Seamineral Vortrap projects were realised in the USA. Commercially, no Morgan Vortraps, which are upscaleable to mass mineral production. are available; they must currently be custom built, and once Elemental Electrical Mass Produces the project equipment trialled in projects from 2014-2017, we will be the first to mass produce high capacity Morgan Vortraps with large scale industrial seamineral fertiliser production potential.
Total Required: £1500
(Parts: £500, Custom Built Morgan Vortrap: £500, Construction and testing: £250, Documentation: £250)
2018 Update: Magnesium OH- waste will be extruded into conductive magnesium bar for reef acceleration in tropical nations, beginning in Gili and Lombok, while the elemental fertiliser will be given free as incentive for local farmers to adopt native food re-forestation projects; one process bioforms land & sea.
BELOW: James Ovenden´s 2013 Vortrap to be used by this project (Alex D.); black rings = magnets.
Ocean Water Process 2018 Update Follows.
A colleague and his friend collected slightly over 250 gallons of ocean water from a beach south of Astoria, Oregon on April 8th. This water was put into 55 gallon HDPE barrels using buckets to scoop from two to three feet of surf water. Both gentlemen were wearing wet suits. About half of the barrels were filled in the truck. The other half were filled in the water and rolled to the truck. They were rolled into the back of the truck using a ramp. This took most of the strength of these two gentlemen. PTO:
55 gallons of ocean water in plastic drum in back of pickup
The barrels had previously been used for hydrogen peroxide and some remained in them when the ocean water was added. This might have helped to disinfect the water.
My colleague brought the 250 gallons of ocean water to my house at about 6 pm on April 10th, 2000. We filtered all of the water through an under sink type of filter using a Culligan D-10 carbon impregnated paper cartridge rated at 5 micron (nominal) hole size.
The upper filter is the one we used
The water was pumped through the filter using a 12 volt Sure-Flo pump and then passed through a Morgan Vortrap before flowing into empty, clean 55 gallon barrels.
Sure-Flo 12 volt pump
Filter, Morgan Vortrap and both catch containers
The inner vortex water was directed into an HDPE plastic jug through the center of a speaker magnet in order to prevent ORMUS gasses from escaping the jug. The flow from the trap was approximately as illustrated below.
A small, steady stream of trap water
It took us about four hours to filter all of the water. After filtering about 180 gallons of the water the flow became sluggish and the trap quit working. At about 200 gallons the pump got hot and started cutting out due to the thermal overheat switch. We checked for kinks in our hoses and found none. We concluded that the filter was clogged, so we changed the filter and everything started working well again.
Since our water was collected on the beach it was quite murky and had lots of sand in it. We would expect a filter used in the open ocean to last a lot longer. The water coming out of the filter and out of the Vortrap was quite clear and looked clean. A 5 micron filter is not fine enough to filter out all micro-organisms, though.
We collected a little over 9 gallons of trap water from all of the 250 gallons of ocean water. We tried two different setups for the filter and Vortrap. Our first setup had the clean water barrel on its side as illustrated below.
Setup showing back of truck, pump, filter, Vortrap and two catch containers
Our second setup worked better as it allowed us to completely fill the catch barrel. It also should produce better trap water as the good stuff has to go up against gravity to get into its catch container. The second setup is illustrated below.
Second setup showing filter, Vortrap and both catch containers
I put fifty gallons of the filtered ocean water in a 55 gallon HDPE drum which had the top cut out of it. I mixed one can of Red Devil lye (510 grams) with one gallon of distilled water and slowly dripped this lye water into the ocean water while stirring the ocean water with the electric stirrer described at:
This brought the pH of the ocean water up to 10.6 but it dropped to around 10.0 overnight. I continued to add lye water on a daily basis till I got the ocean water to hold at 10.6. Fifty gallons of ocean water precipitated out to about ten gallons of precipitate overnight.
Ocean water precipitate at the bottom of 55 gallon HDPE barrel
After this precipitate was washed I took one litre of it and vacuum filtered it. The filtrate was about the consistency of warm butter and weighed about 53 grams. If I had filtered all of the precipitate from the 50 gallons I probably would have gotten about 9.5 kilograms of filtrate.
I dried the filtrate for a couple hours at 250 degrees Fahrenheit in a toaster oven and got 8.7 grams of dry powder. If I had dried all of the precipitate from the 50 gallons I would have gotten about 1.56 kilograms of dry powder.
JULY 2018 UPDATE:
Custom-built Morgan Vortrap reaches Alex Daniel in Peru: